We all are well informed and habitual of this word. It is among one basic necessity of our survival, without water we will die, as about 70% of our body (human body) is made up of water.
In the same way, our planet Earth is a water planet, as it’s around more than 70% area is covered with water. Water creates an environment that sustains and nurtures plants, animals, and human life on this Earth crust and that’s why we call this The Living Planet.
Water further helps in shaping the earth's crust to create a beautiful home for life present on the Earth.
Are you interested in knowing, How?
How and what all featured landforms are made by the fluvial process in the upper course of the river at its youth stage?
Yes, let’s continue reading with me and you will get to know everything, without doing much effort. And if you have a query and find any difficulty, freely ask me.
Firstly, I will tell you about the landform made by rainwater than move to youth stage landforms.
This is the only rainwater landform. Which needs to discuss here.
The word fluvial is directly related to the water stream and river (running water). In Geography, Geology, and Geomorphology this word is popularly used in relation to rivers erosional, transportation, and depositional work.
In the youth stage of the river that is upper course Erosional work at its high pace, the other two fluvial processes just play a supportive role.
The main landforms in the upper course river listed here are:
Let’s go through each one landform one by one.
For example, In India Brahmaputra, Satluj, Narmada, and many more rivers made Gorge. In China Yangtze river.
For example, the grand canyon carved by the Colorado River, the Yarlung Zangbo by the river, Grand Canyon in Tibet (5300)meter- deepest in the world, Zanskar valley Spiti valley, Spiti valley, Gandikota grand canyon. In India.
For example, Ganga river valley in India, Romsdalen in western Norway, The Harav valley in west Sumatra, Indonesia.
For example, Angle fall is the tallest waterfall in the world with 979 meters of height.
Niagra fall of USA with 120-meter height, Victoria fall on Jambeji river of south Africa, Gasoppa (Jog) waterfall of India on Kaveri river in India with 260-meter height, Yen fall in Maharashtra, India with 183-meter height.
These are 6 erosional landforms made by the upper course of the river. These landforms are specially formed in the mountainous or hilly area. After this river entered the plains, where the other two fluvial processes i.e. Transportation and deposition (eroded material) plays an active role and formed various new landforms. About which I will discuss separately in my next post Landforms formed by Mature Stage Middle Course River.
Enjoy the post and share your story of the experience of any tour or visit to upper course river erosional features.